The newspaper has won 47 Pulitzer Prizes. This includes six separate Pulitzers awarded in , second only to The New York Times ' seven awards in for the highest number ever awarded to a single newspaper in one year. In the early s, in the best-known episode in the newspaper's history, reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein led the American press' investigation into what became known as the Watergate scandal.
The Post has distinguished itself through its political reporting on the workings of the White House , Congress , and other aspects of the U. In , the newspaper ceased publication of its National Weekly Edition , which combined stories from the week's print editions, due to shrinking circulation.
The newspaper is one of a few U. While its circulation like that of almost all newspapers has been slipping, it has one of the highest market-penetration rates of any metropolitan news daily. For many decades, the Post had its main office at 15th Street NW. The newspaper moved into their new offices December 14, Arc Publishing is a department of the Post, which provides the publishing system, Arc, software for news organizations such as the Chicago Tribune and the Los Angeles Times.
The newspaper was founded in by Stilson Hutchins — and in added a Sunday edition, becoming the city's first newspaper to publish seven days a week. To promote the newspaper, the new owners requested the leader of the United States Marine Band , John Philip Sousa , to compose a march for the newspaper's essay contest awards ceremony. Sousa composed " The Washington Post ". In , the newspaper moved to a building at 14th and E streets NW, where it would remain until This building combined all functions of the newspaper into one headquarters — newsroom, advertising, typesetting, and printing — that ran 24 hours per day.
Berryman 's classic illustration Remember the Maine , which became the battle-cry for American sailors during the War. This cartoon depicts President Theodore Roosevelt showing compassion for a small bear cub and inspired New York store owner Morris Michtom to create the teddy bear.
Wilkins acquired Hatton's share of the newspaper in at Hatton's death. During the Wilson presidency, the Post was credited with the "most famous newspaper typo " in D. Galt, but instead wrote that he had been "entering" Mrs.
When John McLean died in , he put the newspaper in trust, having little faith that his playboy son Edward "Ned" McLean could manage his inheritance. Ned went to court and broke the trust, but, under his management, the newspaper slumped toward ruin. He bled the paper for his lavish lifestyle, and used it to promote political agendas.
The Post's health and reputation were restored under Meyer's ownership. In , he was succeeded as publisher by his son-in-law, Philip Graham. This was in turn bought by and merged into the Post in On May 17, , Unification Church leader Sun Myung Moon began publishing the current Washington Times , a conservative daily broadsheet whose circulation has only ever been a fraction of its rival, the Post.
In , conservative competition increased slightly with the founding of the Washington Examiner , originally a free tabloid daily, which switched to a weekly magazine format in But the Post , with a far larger presence, locally and nationally, has remained Washington's dominant paper since the s. Few women had run prominent national newspapers in the United States. Katharine Graham described her own anxiety and lack of confidence based on her gender in her autobiography. She served as publisher from to  and headed The Washington Post Company into the early s as chairman of the board and CEO.
After , she retained a position as chairman of the executive committee until her death in Her tenure is credited with seeing the newspaper rise in national stature through effective investigative reporting after it began to live down its reputation as a house organ for the Kennedy and Johnson administration, working to ensure that The New York Times did not surpass its Washington reporting of the Pentagon Papers and Watergate scandal. During this time, Graham also oversaw the Post company's diversification purchase of the for-profit education and training company Kaplan, Inc.
Executive editor Ben Bradlee , a Kennedy loyalist, put the newspaper's reputation and resources behind reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein , who, in a long series of articles, chipped away at the story behind the burglary of Democratic National Committee offices in the Watergate complex in Washington.
The Post 's dogged coverage of the story, the outcome of which ultimately played a major role in the resignation of President Richard Nixon , won the newspaper a Pulitzer Prize in In , after 37 years, with great reader outcries and protest, The Washington Post Book World as a standalone insert was discontinued, the last issue being Sunday, February 15, ,  along with a general reorganization of the paper, such as placing the Sunday editorials on the back page of the main front section rather than the "Outlook" section and distributing some other locally oriented "op-ed" letters and commentaries in other sections.
In , the pressmen's union went on strike. The Post hired replacement workers to replace the pressmen's union, and other unions returned to work in February In , the newspaper published a dramatic story called "Jimmy's World",  describing the life of an eight-year-old heroin addict in Washington, for which reporter Janet Cooke won acclaim and a Pulitzer Prize.
Subsequent investigation, however, revealed the story to be a fabrication. The Pulitzer Prize was returned. Graham , Katharine's son, succeeded her as publisher in  and in the early s became both chief executive officer and chairman of the board. Katharine Weymouth , Donald Graham's niece, served as publisher and chief executive officer from until , when Jeff Bezos took over ownership of the paper. Bezos said he has a vision that recreates "the 'daily ritual' of reading the Post as a bundle, not merely a series of individual stories In , the Post announced it was moving from 15th Street to a leased space three blocks away at One Franklin Square on K Street.
When financier Eugene Meyer bought the bankrupt Post in , he assured the public he wouldn't be beholden to any party. This included editorializing "news" stories written by Meyer under a fake name. The Post ran many of her pieces including tributes to her personal friends John Dewey and Saul Alinsky. Eugene Meyer became head of the World Bank in , and he named his son-in-law Phil Graham to succeed him as Post publisher.
The post-war years saw the developing friendship of Phil and Kay Graham with the Kennedys , the Bradlees and the rest of the " Georgetown Set" many Harvard alumni that would color the Post's political orientation.
The Post is credited with inventing the term " McCarthyism " in a editorial cartoon by Herbert Block. Joseph McCarthy 's "tarring" tactics, i. The committee had evolved from the McCormack - Dickstein Committee of the s. Phil Graham 's friendship with JFK remained strong until their untimely deaths in Edgar Hoover reportedly told the new President Lyndon B.
Johnson , "I don't have much influence with the Post because I frankly don't read it. I view it like the Daily Worker. Ben Bradlee became the editor-in-chief in , and Kay Graham officially became the publisher in , paving the way for the aggressive reporting of the Pentagon Papers and Watergate scandals. In the mids, some conservatives referred to the Post as " Pravda on the Potomac " because of its perceived left-wing bias in both reporting and editorials.
Bush 's ambitions to invade Iraq. National security correspondent Walter Pincus reported that he had been ordered to cease his reports that were critical of the Republican administrations. On March 26, , Chris Matthews said on his television program, "Well, The Washington Post is not the liberal newspaper it was, Congressman, let me tell you. I have been reading it for years and it is a neocon newspaper".
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In a study published on April 18, , by Yale professors Alan Gerber, Dean Karlan, and Daniel Bergan, citizens were given a subscription to either the conservative-leaning Washington Times or the liberal-leaning Washington Post to see the effect that media has on voting patterns.
Gerber had estimated based on his work that the Post slanted as much to the left as the Times did to the right. Gerber found those who were given a free subscription of the Post were 7. In November , the newspaper was criticized by independent journalist Robert Parry for reporting on anti-Obama chain e-mails without sufficiently emphasizing to its readers the false nature of the anonymous claims. Responding to criticism of the newspaper's coverage during the run-up to the presidential election , former Post ombudsman Deborah Howell wrote: Yet opinion was still weighted toward Obama.
In December , The Post published a story inaccurately stating that a Russian hacking operation had infiltrated the U. In February , amid regular criticism from President Donald Trump over the paper's coverage of his campaign and early presidency, [ citation needed ] as well as concerns among the American press about Trump's criticism and threats against journalists who provide coverage he deems unfavorable, the Post adopted the slogan "Democracy Dies in Darkness" for its masthead. Katharine Graham wrote in her autobiography Personal History that the newspaper long had a policy of not making endorsements for political candidates.
However, since at least , the newspaper has occasionally endorsed Republican politicians, such as Maryland Governor Robert Ehrlich. Mayor a young Marion Barry allowed those candidates to tout their endorsements, thereby distinguishing them from an otherwise crowded field of big name candidates. In September , a Sunday feature story appeared on the front page of the Post titled "Jimmy's World" in which reporter Janet Cooke wrote a profile of the life of an eight-year-old heroin addict. The story was then found to be a complete fabrication, and the Pulitzer was returned.
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I think that the decision to nominate the story for a Pulitzer is of minimal consequence. I also think that it won is of little consequence.
It is a brilliant story—fake and fraud that it is. It would be absurd for me or any other editor to review the authenticity or accuracy of stories that are nominated for prizes. On November 9, , a Washington Post op-ed written by Mohammed Ali al-Houthi , a political leader in Houthi movement and a major figure in orchestrating the Houthi takeover in Yemen which sparked the Yemeni Civil War , was published.
This led The Washington Post to be criticized by multiple activists on the basis of providing a platform to an anti-Western and antisemitic group supported by Iran as well as criticism by Yemenis who consider Al Houthi a "war criminal". In June , over employees of The Washington Post signed an open letter to owner Jeff Bezos demanding "fair wages; fair benefits for retirement, family leave and health care; and a fair amount of job security. The petition followed on a year of unsuccessful negotiations between The Washington Post Guild and upper management over pay and benefit increases.
In November , the Post published a story that relied heavily on a report by PropOrNot , an anonymous internet group that seeks to expose what it calls Russian propaganda.
The Washington Post - Wikipedia
PropOrNot published a list of websites they called "bona-fide 'useful idiots ' " of the Russian government. In July , in the midst of intense debate over health care reform , The Politico reported that a health-care lobbyist had received an "astonishing" offer of access to the Post's "health-care reporting and editorial staff. Here is how the full-color brochure described the event planned for July 21, An evening with the right people can alter the debate. Underwrite and participate in this intimate and exclusive Washington Post Salon, an off-the-record dinner and discussion at the home of CEO and Publisher Katharine Weymouth.
Bring your organization's CEO or executive director literally to the table.