Householders can dispose of their hazardous wastes safely; for example old paints, waste oil, batteries, and household and garden chemicals. Hazardous waste can be dangerous at every stage of its 'life'. Hazardous materials stored at home could react with one another and cause a fire or toxic fumes, children could poison themselves, or a container may leak and contaminate the soil or groundwater. If hazardous waste is disposed of with the rest of the household rubbish or put out with the inorganic rubbish collection, the people who pick up the rubbish could be injured, sometimes severely.
And finally, hazardous waste that ends up in the landfill can pollute our environment. By offering a special collection for this waste, the Hastings and Napier councils provide residents with the chance to 'do the right thing' for everyone's health, and for the environment - and it's a great opportunity to raise awareness about hazardous waste! HazMobile cannot take commercial hazardous waste, medical waste, agrichemicals or electronic waste.
If you have commercial hazardous waste please contact a hazardous waste treatment company for more information. ChemCollect provides a comprehensive commercial chemical collection and disposal service for a wide range of chemicals, including industrial, agricultural or household chemicals, see: Approximately 75 per cent of the paint is recycled, with the final mixed product used for anti-graffiti work. The remainder, usually toxic or otherwise unusable paint, is treated before disposal to landfill.
Paint cans are recycled as are plastic paint pails. Much of the waste oil and petrol is used as a fuel source for heating; for example it has been used to help fire a large New Zealand cement kiln.
Wet cell batteries lead-acid are recycled in New Zealand, while rechargeable Nickel-Cadmium and mercury-containing batteries are recycled overseas. In , the Carolingian ruler Charles the Simple allowed a group of Vikings to settle in Normandy under their leader Rollo. Edward was childless and embroiled in conflict with the formidable Godwin, Earl of Wessex , and his sons, and he may also have encouraged Duke William of Normandy's ambitions for the English throne. King Edward's death on 5 January  [c] left no clear heir, and several contenders laid claim to the throne of England.
Harold was elected king by the Witenagemot of England and crowned by Ealdred , the Archbishop of York , although Norman propaganda claimed that the ceremony was performed by Stigand , the uncanonically elected Archbishop of Canterbury. Duke William claimed that he had been promised the throne by King Edward and that Harold had sworn agreement to this. His claim to the throne was based on an agreement between his predecessor Magnus the Good and the earlier King of England Harthacnut , whereby, if either died without heir, the other would inherit both England and Norway.
In early , Harold's exiled brother Tostig Godwinson raided southeastern England with a fleet he had recruited in Flanders , later joined by other ships from Orkney. Deserted by most of his followers, he withdrew to Scotland, where he spent the middle of the year recruiting fresh forces. Hardrada's army was further augmented by the forces of Tostig, who supported the Norwegian king's bid for the throne.
Advancing on York, the Norwegians occupied the city after defeating a northern English army under Edwin and Morcar on 20 September at the Battle of Fulford.
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For every five hides ,  or units of land nominally capable of supporting one household,  one man was supposed to serve. The fyrd usually served for two months, except in emergencies. It was rare for the whole national fyrd to be called out; between and it was only done three times, in , , and Some earls also had their own forces of housecarls. Thegns , the local landowning elites, either fought with the royal housecarls or attached themselves to the forces of an earl or other magnate. The English army does not appear to have had a significant number of archers.
Harold had spent mid on the south coast with a large army and fleet waiting for William to invade. The bulk of his forces were militia who needed to harvest their crops, so on 8 September Harold dismissed the militia and the fleet. Harald Hardrada and Tostig were killed, and the Norwegians suffered such great losses that only 24 of the original ships were required to carry away the survivors. The English victory came at great cost, as Harold's army was left in a battered and weakened state. William assembled a large invasion fleet and an army gathered from Normandy and the rest of France, including large contingents from Brittany and Flanders.
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The most famous claim is that Pope Alexander II gave a papal banner as a token of support, which only appears in William of Poitiers 's account, and not in more contemporary narratives. Contemporary accounts connected the comet's appearance with the succession crisis in England. William mustered his forces at Saint-Valery-sur-Somme , and was ready to cross the English Channel by about 12 August.
The Normans crossed to England a few days after Harold's victory over the Norwegians, following the dispersal of Harold's naval force, and landed at Pevensey in Sussex on 28 September. The exact numbers and composition of William's force are unknown. The main armour used was chainmail hauberks, usually knee-length, with slits to allow riding, some with sleeves to the elbows.
Some hauberks may have been made of scales attached to a tunic, with the scales made of metal, horn or hardened leather. Headgear was usually a conical metal helmet with a band of metal extending down to protect the nose. The infantryman's shield was usually round and made of wood, with reinforcement of metal. Horsemen had changed to a kite-shaped shield and were usually armed with a lance. The couched lance, carried tucked against the body under the right arm, was a relatively new refinement and was probably not used at Hastings; the terrain was unfavourable for long cavalry charges.
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Both the infantry and cavalry usually fought with a straight sword, long and double-edged. The infantry could also use javelins and long spears.
Archers would have used a self bow or a crossbow, and most would not have had armour. After defeating his brother Tostig and Harald Hardrada in the north, Harold left much of his forces in the north, including Morcar and Edwin, and marched the rest of his army south to deal with the threatened Norman invasion. Harold stopped in London, and was there for about a week before Hastings, so it is likely that he spent about a week on his march south, averaging about 27 miles 43 kilometres per day,  for the approximately miles kilometres.
This location was about 8 miles 13 kilometres from William's castle at Hastings. Nothing came of these efforts. Although Harold attempted to surprise the Normans, William's scouts reported the English arrival to the duke. The exact events preceding the battle are obscure, with contradictory accounts in the sources, but all agree that William led his army from his castle and advanced towards the enemy.
The exact number of soldiers in Harold's army is unknown. The contemporary records do not give reliable figures; some Norman sources give , to 1,, men on Harold's side. Few individual Englishmen are known to have been at Hastings;  about 20 named individuals can reasonably be assumed to have fought with Harold at Hastings, including Harold's brothers Gyrth and Leofwine and two other relatives. The English army consisted entirely of infantry. It is possible that some of the higher class members of the army rode to battle, but when battle was joined they dismounted to fight on foot.
Their armour consisted of a conical helmet, a mail hauberk , and a shield, which might be either kite-shaped or round. Most of the infantry would have formed part of the shield wall , in which all the men in the front ranks locked their shields together. Behind them would have been axemen and men with javelins as well as archers. Because many of the primary accounts contradict each other at times, it is impossible to provide a description of the battle that is beyond dispute. Moonrise that night was not until The area was heavily wooded, with a marsh nearby.
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle called it the battle "at the hoary apple tree".
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Within 40 years, the battle was described by the Anglo-Norman chronicler Orderic Vitalis as "Senlac", [n] a Norman-French adaptation of the Old English word "Sandlacu", which means "sandy water". Sunrise was at 6: Several roads are possible: Another possibility is a Roman road between London and Lewes and then over local tracks to the battlefield.
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Harold's forces deployed in a small, dense formation at the top of steep slope,  with their flanks protected by woods and marshy ground in front of them. More is known about the Norman deployment. The left units were the Bretons ,  along with those from Anjou , Poitou and Maine. Don't go to church but I am willing to if you go. Within Exactly this location 5 miles 8 miles 10 miles 15 miles 25 miles 35 miles 50 miles 75 miles miles miles miles. Trying to start a new life I really don't know what to do I work two jobs and I try to spend as much time with my kids that I can I have 4 Kids 1 blood son and then three that I claim from my ex-girlfriend who are not actually related to me but I stepped up to be there dad when their own dad's didn't want them.
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